Artificial intelligence speeds efforts to develop clean, virtually limitless fusion energy (20/04/2019)

Scientists are applying deep learning -- a powerful new version of the machine learning form of artificial intelligence -- to forecast sudden disruptions that can halt fusion reactions and damage the doughnut-shaped tokamaks that house the reactions.

Giving robots a better feel for object manipulation (20/04/2019)

A new learning system improves robots' abilities to mold materials into target shapes and make predictions about interacting with solid objects and liquids. The system, known as a learning-based particle simulator, could give industrial robots a more refined touch -- and it may have fun applications in personal robotics, such as modelling clay shapes or rolling sticky rice for sushi.

Electric skyrmions charge ahead for next-generation data storage (20/04/2019)

When you toss a ball, what hand do you use? Left-handed people naturally throw with their left hand, and right-handed people with their right. This natural preference for one side versus the other is called handedness, and can be seen almost everywhere -- from a glucose molecule whose atomic structure leans left, to a dog who shakes "hands" only with her right.

High performance solid-state sodium-ion battery (20/04/2019)

Solid-state sodium-ion batteries are far safer than conventional lithium-ion batteries, which pose a risk of fire and explosions, but their performance has been too weak to offset the safety advantages. Researchers Friday reported developing an organic cathode that dramatically improves both stability and energy density.

Taking a cue from spider webs, researchers capture fresh water with vapor capture system (18/04/2019)

Inspired by how dew drops form on spider webs, UCLA engineers and mathematicians have designed a unique and effective water vapor capture system that could be used to produce clean, fresh water, or to recycle industrial water that would otherwise be wasted.

Novel batteries are the first to use water-splitting technology at their core (18/04/2019)

Inside modern cell phones are billions of nanoscale switches that flip on and off, allowing the phone to function. These switches, called transistors, are controlled by an electrical signal that is delivered via a single battery. This configuration of one battery to power multiple components works well for today's technologies, but there is room for improvement. Each time a signal is piped from the battery to a component, some power is lost on the journey. Coupling each component with its own battery would be a much better setup, minimizing energy loss and maximizing battery life. However, in the current tech world, batteries are not small enough to permit this arrangement—at least not yet.

Advance boosts efficiency of flash storage in data centers (18/04/2019)

MIT researchers have designed a novel flash-storage system that could cut in half the energy and physical space required for one of the most expensive components of data centers: data storage.

Researchers develop blockchain protocol to prevent counterfeit pharmaceutical sales (18/04/2019)

Portland State University researcher Nirupama Bulusu wants to prevent counterfeit pharmaceuticals from flooding the market. Bulusu recently published a blockchain protocol that could do just that.

A novel data-compression technique for faster computer programs (18/04/2019)

A novel technique developed by MIT researchers rethinks hardware data compression to free up more memory used by computers and mobile devices, allowing them to run faster and perform more tasks simultaneously.

New discovery makes fast-charging, better performing lithium-ion batteries possible (16/04/2019)

Creating a lithium-ion battery that can charge in a matter of minutes but still operate at a high capacity is possible, according to research from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute just published in Nature Communications. This development has the potential to improve battery performance for consumer electronics, solar grid storage, and electric vehicles.